Journal of Virology and Vaccine Development

Volume 1, Issue 1 (2021)

Research Article - Open Access
Vector-Borne Blood Protozoa in Cattle and Sheep of Identification

Mahmudul Hasan1, Mamunur Rahman2, Ali Khan3,*

1Animal Health Research Division, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka-1341, Bangladesh

2Conservation And Improvement Of Native Sheep Through Community And Commercial Farming Project, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka-1341, Bangladesh

3Department Of Pathology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh

*Corresponding Author:
Ali Khan
Animal Health Research Division, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka-1341, Bangladesh.
Eamil: ali.khan@blri.gov.bd

Received date: September 20, 2021; Accepted date: October 11, 2021; Published date: October 18, 2021

Citation: Hasan M, Rahman M, Khan A. Vector-Borne Blood Protozoa in Cattle and Sheep of Identification. J Virol Vaccin Dev. 2021;1(1): 11-15.

Copyright: © 2021 Hasan M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Babesiosis, animal disease and Theileriais square measure the foremost common vector (Tick) borne blood protozoan diseases (TBDs) in People’s Republic of Bangladesh. This study was conducted in kine and sheep during a completely different space of People’s Republic of Bangladesh. a complete range of 1150 blood samples were indiscriminately collected from capital of Bangladesh, Sirajganj and Nikhangsori for blood smear research. However, co-infections, temperature, humidity, season, farming and prevention were additionally into consideration. From the clinically positive sample PCR was done followed by gel ionophoresis. Prevalence of blood protozoa were 100 percent (55), eightieth (n=320), half-hour (n=120), 22% (n=44), 31% (n=22), sixty fifth (n=16) in exotic sheep, intensive farming, milk-vita space, native kine, hill tracts and native sheep severally. the general prevalence was fifty.17% (n=577). Among the protozoa, Anaplasma spp. was 43%, Babesia spp. 19%, Anaplasma spp. with Babesia spp. 33%, Theileriaspp fourdimensional and Anaplasma spp. with Babesia and Theileriaspp was 1 Chronicles. The prevalence of blood protozoa in native breed ≥50%, up to seventy fifth and higher than seventy fifth cross or pure breed were seventeen.58% (n= 103), 31.91% (n=187) and fifty.51% (n=296) severally. Prevalence of blood protozoa throughout Oct to March was sixteen.041% (n= 94) and Gregorian calendar month to Sep was eightythree. 959% (n=492). In PCR Anaplasma marginale showed positive band as 265 bp, Babesiabovis in 166 bp, and Theileriaannulata in 312 bp, Babesiaovis in 422bp and Babesiamotasi in 518bp severally. Therefore, the tick is act as vector and high wetness and temperature is that the main risk issue for vector borne diseases. finally, blood protozoa square measure the silent rising unwellness in eutherian mammal and want to boost the management strategy.

Keywords

Anaplasmaspp; PCR; Prevalence; Vector